ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL SURVEY OF SOME SELECTED MEDICINAL PLANTS USED FOR THE TREATMENT OF TYPHOID IN KAFIN HAUSA, NORTH WEST, NIGERIA
The use of medicinal plants in the management of diseases is a well-recognized practice in developing countries. However, one of the major limitations of this practice is the inadequate documentation of knowledge on these medicinal plants. This study was carried out to collect data on medicinal plants traditionally used for the treatment of typhoid in Kafin Hausa. It also assessed the traditional medicine practice in Kafin Hausa. Data was collected using an open ended semi structured questionnaire by oral interview. Respondents were sampled purposively. Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC), informant consensus factor (Fic) and Fidelity Level (FL) were used to analyze the data. A total of 43 respondents were interviewed, where farmers (32.6%) had the highest number of respondents while nomads (2.3%) had the least number of respondents. A total of 12 plant species from 11 families were recorded, where Myrtaceae had the highest number of species. Anona senegalensis had the highest number of citation (20), RFC of 57.1%, while Commiphora africana and Artemisia abisynthium had the least number of citations (1) each with RFC of 2.9%. The leaves were the most commonly used (66.7%) plant part. Informant consensus factor of 0.86 was recorded. Anona senegalensis have been reportedly used in the treatment of gastritis and fever. Citrus aurantifolia and Olea europaea have been used for malaria and pain treatments respectively. The result of this study documented medicinal plants traditionally used in the treatment of typhoid in Kafin Hausa. This could serve as a source new molecules with antibacterial activity.