AGRO-MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF COMMON BEAN ACCESSIONS IN NORTHERN REGION OF NIGERIA

Abstract views: 63 / PDF downloads: 30

Authors

  • Victor Onuche Ikani
  • Olamide Ahmed Falusi
  • Oladipupo Abdulazeez Yusuf Daudu
  • Abdulhakeem Abubakar

Keywords:

Diversity, genetic, quantitative, qualitative, traits

Abstract

Despite the potentials of common bean and its production in other countries of the world, it is still poorly researched on for plant improvement when compared to cowpea and soybean, this is a huge setback as far as this research is concerned. Up till now, landraces are still being cultivated by the farmers with no definite existing seed system in Nigeria. Thirty-three common bean accessions obtained from farmers in growing regions of Northern Nigeria was used for this study. Seeds of common bean was sown In 297 bags laid out using a Complete Randomized Design to study agro-morphological traits. Qualitative (11) and quantitative (9) traits were recorded following International Board of Plant Genetic Resource common bean Descriptor list. Days to flowering (23.83 days) and days to maturity (53.83 days) was lowest in PL-01. KD-14 was the best performing accession in number of pods per plant (13.83) and KG-01 had the highest pod length (20.23 cm) and number of seeds per pod (12.50 cm). Weight of one hundred seeds (104.0 g) was highest in KD-11. Positive correlations were observed among the descriptors such as days to flowering with days to maturity (r = 0.73), pod beak length with pod length (r = 0.64) and pod length with number of seeds per pod (r = 0.79). The divergence between accessions was observed using hierarchical clustering dendrogram, at a genetic distance of 48; the accessions were grouped into 11 clusters depending on the similarity of traits considered. There is need for further studies to evaluate the characterized accessions over a period of two or more years in different locations across Nigeria to see if similar observations will be made.

References

Broughton, W. J., Hernandez, G., Blair, M., Beebe, S., Gepts, P., Vanderleyden, J. (2003): Beans (Phaseolus spp.) – model food legumes. Plant and Soil, 252: 55–128.

Vaz-Patto, M. C., Amarowicz, R., Aryee, A. N., Boye, J. I., Chung, H. J., Martín-Cabrejas, M. A. (2015): Achievements and challenges in improving the nutritional quality of food legumes. Critical Reviews in Plant Science, 34: 105–143.

Messina, V. (2014): Nutritional and health benefits of dried beans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 100: 437S–442S.

Bitocchi, E., Rau, D., Rodriguez, M., Murgia, M. L. (2016): “Crop improvement of Phaseolus spp. through interspecific and intraspecific hybridization,” in Polyploidy and Hybridization for Crop Improvement, ed. A. Mason (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press), 218–280.

Rubiales, D., Mikic, A. (2015): Introduction: legumes in sustainable agriculture. CritIical Review in Plant Sciences, 34: 2–3.

Ferreira, H., Vasconcelos, M., Gil, A. M., Pinto, E. (2021): Benefits of pulse consumption on metabolism and health: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 61: 85–96.

Aseete, P., Katungi, E., Bonabana-Wabbi, J., Birachi, E., Ugen, M. A. (2018): Consumer demand heterogeneity and valuation of value-added pulse products: A case of precooked beans in Uganda. Agriculture and Food Security. 7: 1–14..

Mamidi, S., Rossi, M., Moghaddam, S. M., Annam, D., Lee, R., Papa, R., McClean, P. E., (2013): Demographic factors shaped diversity in the two gene pools of wild common bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. Heredity 110(3): 267-276.

FASOSTAT (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations). (2019): Retrieved from http://faostat2.org/home/index/html. Accessed on July 11, 2023.

Katungi, N., Kasturikrishna, S., Ahlawat, I. P. S. (2009): Growth and yield response of pea (Pisum sativum) to moisture stress, phosphorus, sulphur and zinc fertilizers. Indian Journal of Agronomy 44: 588- 596.

Audu, S. S., Aremu, M. O. (2011): Nutritional composition of raw and processed pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 9: 72-80.

Adesoye, A. I., Ojobo, O. A. (2015): Phaseolus species: Valuable but underutilised genetic species in Nigeria. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 9 (1): 12-21.

Tah, P. R. (2006): Induced macromutation in mungbean [Vigna mungo (L.) Wilczek]. International Journal of Botany 2(3): 219-228.

Fisseha, Z., Kyallo, M., Tesfaye, K., Harvey, J., Dagne, K., Opyio, S., Gepts., P. (2019): Integrating phenotypic evaluations with a molecular diversity assessment of an ethiopian collection of common bean landraces. African Crop Science Journal, 26 (2): 315 – 326.

Bode, D., Elezi, F., Gixhari, B., (2013): Morphological characterisation and interrelationships among descriptors in Phaseolus vulgaris accessions. Agriculture and Forestry, 59(2): 175-185.

IBPGR (International Board for Plant Genetic Resources) (1982): “Descriptors List for Bean”, IBPGR, Secretariat Rome, Italy.

Loko, L. E. Y., Orobiyi1, A., Adjatin, A., Akpo, J., Toffa, J., Djedatin, G., Dansi, A. (2018): Morphological Charaterization of Common Bean Landraces of Central Region of Benin Republic. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 10(11): 304-318.

Sofi, P. A., Zargar, M. Y., Debouck, D., Granes, A. (2011): Evaluation of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Germplasm under Temperate Conditions of Kashmir Valley. Journal of Phytology, 2(8): 47-52.

Kalaimi, S., Pant S., Luitel, B. P., Bhandari, B., (2019): Evaluation of pole-type french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes for agro-morphological variability and yield in the mid hills of Nepal, International Journal of Horticulture, 9(3): 15-23

Okii, D. Tukamuhabwa, P., Odong, T., Namayanja, A., Mukabaranga, J., Paparu, P., Gepts, P. (2014): Morphological diversity of tropical common bean germplasm, African Crop Science Journal, 22(1): 59-67.

Rana, J. C., Sharma, T. R., Tyagi, R. K., Chahola, R. K., Gautam, N. K., Singh, M. Sharma, P. N., Ogha, S. N. (2015): Characterization of 4247 acc essions of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) germplasm conserved in the india gene bank for Phenological, Morphological and Agronomic Traits. Euphytica, 205(2): 441-457.

Chandrashekhar S. S. (2005): Influence of the age of the seed on plant growth, seed yield and quality and characterization of French bean genotypes, University of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dharwad, India.

Kanwar, R., Mehta, D. K. (2018): Survey, Collection and Seed Morphometric Characterization of French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Legume Research, 41(3): 333-341.

Xhulaj, D. (2015): Exploring the Diversity Richness of 30 Accessions of Phaseolus vulgaris L. at Albanian Gene Bank. International Journal of Green and Herbal Chemistry, 4(2): 193-202.

Downloads

Published

2024-06-21

How to Cite

Ikani, V. O., Falusi, O. A., Daudu, O. A. Y., & Abubakar, A. (2024). AGRO-MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF COMMON BEAN ACCESSIONS IN NORTHERN REGION OF NIGERIA. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 18(2), 209–222. Retrieved from https://jabsonline.org/index.php/jabs/article/view/1309

Issue

Section

Articles