Abstract views: 75 / PDF downloads: 195



PCA,, PPI,, morphometrics,, swamp buffalo,


This study was carried out to determine principal component analysis (PCA) in 18 morphometrics of male swamp buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in the Central Java Province, Indonesia. A total of 44 animals were used in this study and separated into two groups of age i.e. 2PPI (2.0 - 3.5 years ages) with 24 animals and 3PPI (3.5 - 4.0 years age) with 20 animals. This study showed  that five principal components (PC) of morphometric traits were found in both group and explained about 70% of the total variance in each ages group. Six morphometrics: ossa vertebrae cervicale length (OVCL), ossa vertebrae thoracic length (OVTL), os humerus length (OHL), ossa radius ulna length (ORUL), os femoris length (OFL), ossa tibia-fibula length (OTFL) were described as the first component (PC1) for 2PPI animals. Meanwhile, four morphometrics: os metatarsals length (OML), withers height (WH), chest depth (CD), hip height (HH) were showed as the PC1 for 2PPI animals. It was concluded that the general performance of WH, CD, HH can be used as morphometric selection criteria for swamp buffalo bulls at 3-4 years of age.


DGLAH. (2017): Livestock and Animal Health Statistics. Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health. Jakarta.

Siamtiningrum, G., Putra, B. W., Priyanto, R. (2016): Morfometric and carcass and non carcass percentage of swamp buffalo and PO cattle in feedlot system. Journal of Animal Production and Processing Technology 4: 227-233.

Yakubu, A, Ogah D. M., Idahor, K. O. (2009): Principal component analysis of the morphostructural indices of White Fullani cattle. Trakia Journal of Science 7: 67-73.

Pundir, R. K., Singh, P. K., Singh, K. P., Dangi, P. S. (2011): Factor analysis of biometric traits of Kankrej cows to explain body conformation. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 24: 449-456.

Tolenkhomba, T. C., Konsam, D. S., Singh, N. S., Prava, M., Singh, Y. D, Ali, M.A., Motina, E. (2012): Factor analysis of body measurements of local cows of Manipur, India. International Multidiscipline Research Journal 2: 77-82.

Pares-Casanova, P. M., Sinfreu, I., Villalba, D. (2013): Application of verimax rotated principal component analysis in quantifying some zoometrical traits of a relic cow. Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 53: 7-10.

Pares-Casanova, P. M., Mwaanga, E. S. (2013): Factor analysis of biometric traits of Tonga cattle for body conformation characterization. Global Journal of Multidiscipline Applied Science 1: 41-46.

Verma, D., Varun, S., Sanjeet, K., Yash, P. T. (2015): Principal component analysis of biometric traits to reveal body conformation in local hill cattle of Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh, India. Veterinary World 8: 1453-1457.

Shah, W. A., Ahmad, N., Javed, K., Saadullah, M., Babar, M. E., Pasha, T. N., Ahmad, S., Nasrullah, A. A., Farooq, M. Z., Saleem, A. H. (2018): Multivariate analysis of Cholistani cattle in Punjab Pakistan. Journal of Animal and Plant Science 28: 940-944.

Heryani, L. G. S. S., Susari, N. N. W., Gunawan, I. W. N. F. (2018): Principals components variables of Taro white cattle morphometrics based on body measurements. Buletin Veteriner Udayana 10: 93-99.

Putra, W. P. B., Said, S., Arifin, J. (2020): Principal component analysis (PCA) of body measurements and body indices in the Pasundan cows. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3: 49-55.

Vohra, V., Niranjan, S. K., Mishra, A. K., Jamuna, V., Chopra, A., Neelesh, S., Dong, K. J. (2015): Phenotypic characterization and multivariate analysis to explain body conformation in lesser known buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) from North India. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 28: 311-317.

Vohra, V., Mohan, S., Ramendra, D., Alka, C., Kataria, R. S. (2017): Multivariate analysis of biometric traits and their shared variance in Chhattisgarhi buffalo. Indian Journal of Animal Science 87: 864-870.

Sembiring, F., Hamdan, Edhy, M. (2013): Morphometric analysis of swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Karodistrct North Sumatera. Jurnal Peternakan Integratif 1: 134-145.

Nafiu, L. O., Saili, T., Bain, A. (2015): Morphometric potrait of swamp buffalo in Bombana. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar of Improving Tropical Animal Production for Food Security. 3-5 November 2015. Kendari, Indonesia. p. 94-107.

Johari, S., Kurnianto, E., Sutopo, Hamayanti, W.A. (2009): Multivariate analysis on phenotypic traits of body measurement in swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Journal of Indonesian Tropical Animal & Agriculture 34: 289-294.

Ferreira, T. A, Idalmo, G. P., Aurora, M. G. G., Aldrin, V. P., Olivardo, F., Camila, T.M., Iraides, F. F. G., Maria, P. S. L. M. P. G. (2013): Morphological traits and type of dairy goats registered in Brazil from 1976 to 2009. Revista Brasileira Zootecnia 42: 857-861.

Kargharia, G., Kadirvel, G., Kumar, S., Doley, S., Bharti, P. K., Das, M. (2015): Principal component analysis of morphological traits of Assam hill goat in Eastern Himalayan India. Journal of Animal & Plant Science 25: 1251-1258.

Birteeb, P. T., Lomo, R. (2015): Phenotypic characterization and weight estimation from linear body traits of West African Dwarf goats reared in the traditional zone of Ghana. Livestock for Research Rural Development 27.

Pares-Casanova, P. M. (2015): Body weight is an important trait for comparisons of goat breeds. Iranian Journal Applied Animal Science 5: 463-466.

Boujenane, I., Derqaoui, L., Nouamane, G. (2016): Morphological differentiation between two Morrocan goat breeds. Journal of Livestock Science and Technology 4: 31-38.

Putra, W. P. B. and Ilham, F. (2019): Principal component of body measurements and body indices and their correlation with body weight in Katjang does of Indonesia. Journal of Dairy, Veterinary and Animal Science 8: 124-134.

Osaiyuwu, O. H., Akinyemi, M. O., Salako, A. E. (2010): Factor analysis of the morphostructure of mature Balami sheep. Research Journal of Animal Science 4: 63-65.

Legaz, E., Cervantes, I., Perez-Cabal, M. A., de la Fuente, L. F., Martinez, R., Goyache, F., Gutierrez, J. P. (2011): Multivariate characterisation of morphological traits in Assaf (Assaf.E) sheep. Small Ruminant Research 100: 122-130.

Mavule, B. S., Muchenje, V., Bezuidenhout, C. C., Kunene, N. W. (2013): Morphological structure of Zulu sheep based on principal component analysis of body measurements. Small Ruminant Research 111: 23-30.

Birteeb, P. T., Sunday, O. P., Michael, O. O. (2014): Analysis of the body structure of Djallonke sheep using multideterminant approach. Animal Genetics Research 54: 65-72.

Khan, M. A., Tariq, M. M., Eyduran, E., Tatliyer, A., Rafeeq, M., Abbas, F., Rashid, N., Awan, M. A., Javed, K. (2014): Estimating body weight from several body measurements in Harnaisheep without multicollinearity problem. Journal of Animal and Plant Science 24: 120-126.

Johnson, R. A., Wichern, D. W. (2002): Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, USA.

Karacaoren, B., Kadarmideen, H. N. (2008): Principal component and clustering analysis of functional traits in Swiss dairy cattle. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 32: 163-171.

Melo, B. A., Nascimento, I. M., Santos, L. T. A., Lima, L. G., Araujo, F. T. P., Rios, R. R. S., Fraga, A. B. (2018): Body morphometric measurements in Murrah crossbred buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Journal Applied Animal Science 46: 1307-1312.




How to Cite

Pintaka Bayu Putra, W., & Hilmawan, F. (2022). PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS (PCA) OF BODY MEASUREMENTS IN MALE SWAMP BUFFALO (Bubalus bubalis) OF INDONESIA. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 16(1), 70–79. Retrieved from