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  • Fulya Altınok Yipel
  • Mustafa Yipel
  • Nuri Altuğ


Horse, essential elements, non-essential elements, niochemistry, hematology


The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of macro and essential and non-essential trace elements and correlation between biochemical and hematological parameters, age, gender, and breed in horses. The whole blood samples of 20 horses were collected from İstanbul (n=11) and Tekirdağ (n=9) cities. Macro (Ca, K, Mg, and P), trace essential (Cu, Fe, Se, and Zn) and non-essential (Al, Cd, Hg, and Pb) element concentrations were determined by ICP-OES. In addition, hematological and biochemical parameters levels were determined. Ca, K and Mg concentrations were within the normal reference range, P concentrations were higher than the reference in horses. Blood concentrations were sorted as K>Ca>P>Mg for macro (mg L-1) elements, were Fe>Cu> Zn>Se for essential trace (μg L-1) elements and as Al>Pb>Cd>Hg for non-essential trace (μg L-1) elements. The negative and positive correlation between the hematological and biochemistry parameter levels and element levels were significant (p <0.05, p <0.01) between Mg-TRIG, Mg-CHOL, Zn-TB, Al-LDL, and Hg-CREA.


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How to Cite

Altınok Yipel, F., Yipel, M. ., & Altuğ, N. (2022). ELEMENT CONCENTRATIONS IN HORSE BLOOD AND RELATION BETWEEN AGE, GENDER, BREED, HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 16(3), 434–446. Retrieved from https://jabsonline.org/index.php/jabs/article/view/1063