Isolation and Characterization of Bacillus from Some Warehouses in TrabzonAbstract views: 77 / PDF downloads: 266
Keywords:B. thuringiensis, cry gene, microbial control, warehouse, pests
In order to identify Bacillus strains with new toxin combinations, 26 bacterial isolate belonging to Bacillus sp. were isolated from warehouses in Trabzon. Firstly, colonial and cellular characteristics, then, physiological features and biochemical properties of these isolates were analyzed by the light microscopy, manual tests and API kit, respectively. For the molecular characterization, 16S rDNA sequence and cry gene contents were detected. As a consequence of characterization, the isolates were identified as Bacillus thuringiensis, B. pumilus, B. subtilis, B. amyloliquefaciens, B. licheniformis, B. atrophaeus, B. megaterium and Lysinibacillus sphaericus. It was also recorded that the
isolates Bg5 have a cry1 gene, B2, B3 and N6 have a cry3 gene. The toxic effects of the isolates were determined by the bioassay using larvae of Plodi ainterpunctella (Indianmeal moth), Ephestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) and adults of Sitophilus granarius (Wheat weevil). As a results of the bioassay, the highest insecticidal effects were 100% with Bg5 (Bacillus thuringiensis) against the larvae
of P. interpunctella and 63,3% with B4 (B. subtilis) against the adult of S. granarius. Especially, Bg5 has the highest insecticidal effect may be valuable as a microbial control agent for lepidopteran warehouse pests.